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Research Centre in European Private Law

Focus Groups

JurAI Consortium - Jurimetrics and Artificial Intelligence
Official advisor of the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ) of the Council of Europe


Act of Engagement of the Council of Europe
Contract No. 217/2022 of 24 June 2022


Consortium Coordinators

Prof. Avv. Lucilla Gatt (Private Law and New Technology Law-), Prof Avv. Ilaria Amelia Caggiano (Private Law and New Technology Law), Dott. Prof. Gianfranco D'Aietti (Law and Computational Sciences), Avv. Prof. Luigi Viola (Law and Computational Sciences).

Consortium Members

Coordinator: Dr. Ph.D. Maria Cristina Gaeta (Private Law and New Technology Law);
Legal Sciences Area: Prof. Roberta Montinaro (Full Professor of Private Law, UniOr), Dr. PhD. Livia Aulino (Private Law and New Technology Law), Dr. PhD(c) Davide Silvio D'Aloia (Private Law and New Technology Law), Dr. PhD(c) Simona Ghiozoli (Law), Dr. PhD(c) Luigi Izzo (Private Law and New Technology Law), Dr. PhD. PostDoc Anna Anita Mollo (Private Law and New Technology Law), Dr. PhD(c)Emiliano Troisi (Private Law and New Technology Law).
Computational Sciences Area: Prof. Raffaele Montella (Computational Sciences), Avv. Flavio Cassandro (Law and Computational Sciences), Eng. Alessandro Dapase (Computational Sciences and linguistic analysis), Prof. Aldo Pomponi (Innovation Management and Data Driven Business transformation).

The JurAI Consortium is an Italian working group (WG) born from the collaboration between academic professors (in the field of legal studies, computer science, design and UX&HMI), legal professionals and magistrates to study and offer solutions to tackle with the scenario and the already existing processing of judicial data by artificial intelligence (jurimatrics and predictive justice).

The WG JurAI stands out for the development of a methodological approach that aims to enhance the ability of individuals (from students to legal professionals) to solve legal issues, making use of AI tools at the service of human capacity.

The JurAI group, scientifically, addresses the development of jurimetrics in light of AI, by analysing technological developments and their applications.

Moreover, through an interdisciplinary work, in the past years, some of its members have developed operational tools, to facilitate the liquidation of damages and the prediction of legal solutions.

More recently, the Consortium has pointed out the necessity of classifying existing and forthcoming tools on predictive justice, promoting this task in various contexts (as a research subject itself and for the promotion of research networks) in order to develop a twofold objective:
- predictability of decisions by identifying the facts of the lawsuit and connecting them with the legal solution from the interpretation of releavant rules and the judges' main orientation and the relative 'ratio decidendi';
- identify criteria for measuring judicial discretion through algorithms based on data derived from judicial experience (eg: extension to other sectors of the tables from so-called biological damage).

The founders and coordinators of the JurAI group are:
- Prof. Lucilla Gatt and Prof. Ilaria Amelia Caggiano, Professors of Private Law and New Technology Law, with academic expertise in the evaluation of solutions to legal issues and ability to evaluate the results of solutions offered by AI tools;
- Dr. Gianfranco D'Aietti, former President of Court, appointed lecturer of Predictive justice and computational thinking, as well as e Avv. Luigi Viola who, amon the orther things, stands out in the forensic world for its scientific pubblications on computational sciences, and both have already developed jurimetric tools.

Under the guidance of the coordinators, the members of the JurAI Consortium support the activities of the WG thank to their multidisciplinary expertise (from Law to Computational Sciences).

By focusing on an interdisciplinary vision and making use of the tools of impact and scenario analysis, the WG JurAI has developed a noteworthy expertise in the fields indicated above, especially of a strategic nature, and supports the formula of "augmented justice" intended as the enhancement of traditional professional skills through the use of technologies.

The Working Group, in line with the objectives pursued by the European Union and the CEPEJ, pursues operational and verifiable results in the short-medium term. By focusing on an interdisciplinary approach, it intends to achieve the construction of decision support systems by creating/using controlled, documented and transparent artificial intelligence systems (machine learning algorithms) in order to: speed up legal activities; measure and analyse the hermeneutic activities of the various interpreters; provide precise solutions to cases brought to the attention of the judicial bodies.

The innovative interventions proposed are divided as follows:
- Implementation with operational tools of the model of structured formalization of appeals and the relative decision-making response (connection between party acts and decision-making acts);
- Modeling of the structure of the law interpretation procedure (logical-deductive model), usable as a scientific method but also as a usable interface (transparency and explanation of the decision-making output, detector of interpretative contrasts, prediction of interpretative results/judgment decisions);
- Implementation of judgment prediction tools, thanks to the development of a system capable of identifying the jurisprudential orientation and the relative 'ratio decidendi' in a context of greater predictability of decisions;
- Implementation of techniques for measuring judicial discretion ("weighted" and not "pure") through algorithms (different, sector by sector) which are based on the analysis of data obtained from concrete judicial experience (eg: extension to other sectors of the tables from the so-called biological damage).

The JurAI also intends to provide a picture of the research projects, scientific proposals and initiatives and events on which the entire team constantly works and is organized in the following sub-sections dedicated to:
- ReCEPL Initiatives and Events: Focus, Workshop, Conferences, Doctoral lessons;
- ReCEPL research projects and scientific proposals on issues related to the development and innovation of legal and judicial activities;
- Pubblications of the scholars who are members of the research team on various aspects related to the development and innovation of legal and judicial activities;
- Reporting of interesting legislative initiatives regional, national, European and international in matters of Justice and New Technologies to support legal and judicial activities;
- Useful Link of information and updates on the issues of Justice and Artificial Intelligence to support legal and judicial activities.

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